Classification is a core task in machine learning. For instance, a classifier could take an image and predict whether it is a cat or a dog. The pieces of information fed to a classifier for each data point are called features, and the category they belong to is a ‘target’ or ‘label’. Typically, the classifier is given data points with both features and labels, so that it can learn the correspondence between the two. Later, the classifier is queried with a data point and the classifier tries to predict what category it belongs to. A large group of these query data-points constitute a prediction-set, and the classifier is usually evaluated on its accuracy, or how many prediction queries it gets correct.
There are many methods to perform classification, such as SVMs, logistic regression, deep learning, and more. Creating classification models is easy with Turi Create!
Currently, the following models are supported for classification:
- Logistic regression
- Nearest neighbor classifier
- Support vector machines (SVM)
- Boosted Decision Trees
- Random Forests
- Decision Tree
- Image Classifier
These algorithms differ in how they make predictions, but conform to the same API. With all models, call create() to create a model, predict() to make flexible predictions on the returned model, classify() which provides all the sufficient statistics for classifying data, and evaluate() to measure performance of the predictions. Models can incorporate:
- Numeric features
- Categorical variables
- Dictionary features (i.e sparse features)
- List features (i.e dense arrays)
- Text data
- Images (using the image classifier)
It isn't always clear that we know exactly which model is suitable for a given task. Turi Create's model selector automatically picks the right model for you based on statistics collected from the data set.
import turicreate as tc # Load the data data = tc.SFrame('ratings-data.csv') # Restaurants with rating >=3 are good data['is_good'] = data['stars'] >= 3 # Make a train-test split train_data, test_data = data.random_split(0.8) # Automatically picks the right model based on your data. model = tc.classifier.create(train_data, target='is_good', features = ['user_avg_stars', 'business_avg_stars', 'user_review_count', 'business_review_count']) # Generate predictions (class/probabilities etc.), contained in an SFrame. predictions = model.classify(test_data) # Evaluate the model, with the results stored in a dictionary results = model.evaluate(test_data)
Turi Create implementations are built to work with up to billions of examples and up to millions of features.